Cannabis Sativa Strains

Cannabis or marijuana is a very well-known drug worldwide. It is a plant native to Central and South Asia. But do you know that apart from Cannabis sativa, there are various other species of the Cannabis plant? And do you know different Cannabis plants have different strains that may have multiple health benefits? The article will shed light on all these questions.

The three famous species of the Cannabis plant are Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. These species are known to have various health benefits that include both mental and physical effects. For example, it can relax the mind, relieve pain, anxiety, depression, help with insomnia, etc. So let’s jump into how different the indica strain on is from the Sativa.

What Are The Different Strains Of The Indica Species?

Cannabis indica is a putative species of the Cannabis plant. One can mark this plant by the short growth pattern. Besides therapeutic properties, one can also use the species in the textile industry. One can convert the plant fibers into clothes. The THC content is high, which is why people feel intoxicated even after consuming small quantities of the extract. 

There are various Indica strains available in the market. Some important and high quality cannabis strains are the Hindu Kush, Afghan Kush, and Granddaddy Purple. 

  • The Hindu Kush strain has a high quantity of THC inside it. It originates in the Hindu Kush mountain range between Pakistan and Afghanistan and has a sweet flavor complemented by an earthy aroma. The Hindu Kush relieves people from pain, stress, nausea, etc.
  • The Afghan Kush is also said to originate in the Hindu Kush mountain ranges. The buds are full of resin, and people use it primarily to relax their minds. A company from the Netherlands named White Label Seed Company made the seed available everywhere.
  • Granddaddy purple strain goes by ‘GDP’ and ‘Granddaddy Purple Kush,’ among many other names. It is a cross strain with a particular grape and berry aroma. Mainly used to relax one’s mind, people also use the strain to relieve pain, insomnia, etc.   

How Do Cannabis Indica And Cannabis Sativa Differ?

Although both are from the same genus, there are many critical differences between the two plants that one must know. Some of these include:


Carl Linnaeus, in 1753, published Species Plantarum, which classified various cannabis plants under one group. Here, the species Cannabis sativa first came into the limelight. Sativa is a Latin word that means ‘cultivated.’

Cannabis indica was separated from Cannabis sativa in 1785 by a French biologist named Jean-Baptiste Lamarck. He found that the Indica species was shorter and more psychoactive than Sativa. Indica resembles ‘India.’

About The Plant

Cannabis sativa requires warm and humid climatic conditions. The environment helps the plant in growing tall. The time taken by this species to produce buds is long. Conversely, the Indica species requires more of a temperate or cooler climate to grow. The environmental conditions keep the height of the plant short. The growth is faster than the Sativa species.

Popular Strains

The prevalent strains of the Sativa species include Harlequin, Strawberry cough, and Sour Diesel. The average THC content in these strains ranges between 5% and 16.6%. The minimum THC content varies between 2.5% and 7.5%, while the maximum is between 12.6% and 22%.

Afghan Kush, Blackberry Kush, and Bubba Kush are some famous Indica strains that you can look for before you buy cannabis. The average THC content in these strains ranges between 15.5% and 17.5%, with the minimum THC levels being 10.2% to 14.7% and the maximum being 19.4% to 22%. Thus, Cannabis indica is a ‘stronger’ species than Cannabis sativa.


Due to the higher proportion of THC in the indica strain, it has a higher potency and intoxicates a person more than Sativa strains. Because of the high amount of THC, the indica strains may be more potent than the Sativa strains. Experts advise consuming indica strain in the nighttime because of the sleepiness it provokes. It may also lead to better relaxation of the mind and clear the clutter in one’s mind as against Sativa strains.

Medical Benefits

People worldwide say there are multiple health benefits of cannabis consumption. The most well-known benefits are that it helps with anxiety, pain, depression, sleeplessness, restlessness, etc. But the amount of research in this domain is scarce, so it is hard to believe that the plant may help with various disorders.

Sativa typically relaxes the mind, makes one more alert, uplifts the mood and provides a euphoric feel, makes one more creative, and increases energy and productivity. Therefore, recommendations say that one should use it during the daytime only. On the other hand, indica species relaxes the mind and body, stimulates appetite, helps with insomnia, and relieves pain. Therefore, people typically use it during the nighttime.

Is Cannabis Consumption Legal?

Different countries have different sets of laws regarding the legality of cannabis. There are many countries where recreational use of cannabis is permitted, while some countries have the strictest laws on possessing these. It is legal for recreational use in Canada, South Africa, Malta, Mexico, Uruguay, etc. In addition, there are many countries where one can consume these only for medical purposes.

Speaking of the USA, 19 states, two territories, and Columbia have laws permitting the use of cannabis for recreation. Thus it is safe in most US states to consume cannabis or marijuana. However, thirty-seven states and four territories in the states have laws that only permit medical use. Thus, one must check the local regulations when buying these products in the USA.

Concluding Thoughts

Approximately 2.5% of the world is cannabis consumers, increasing yearly. The new people entering the domain should remember the negative aspect of marijuana usage because one would know the positive things about them. Furthermore, the high number of side effects of marijuana use is essential to keep in mind. Studies reveal that an overdose of cannabis causes cognitive impairment, memory loss, lung inflammation, chronic bronchitis, schizophrenia, etc. Thus one should use cannabis within bounds and never forget one’s limits.